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Bankruptcy Court Permits 363(f) Sale of Business Free of Pension Claim

Introduction A pension plan unsuccessfully tried to stop a company from selling a business to a buyer in a 363(f) (3) sale free and clear of the seller’s pension fund liability. The deal The seller was engaged in environmental and

Posted in 363(f)(3) sale, asset purchase agreement, bankruptcy sale, distressed business acquisitions, federal multiemployer pension plan withdrawal liability, successor liability Tagged with: , , , , ,

Lawsuit Over EBITDA Earnout “Determined in Accordance With Buyer’s Historical Reporting Policies”

Introduction This is another post-closing M&A dispute over an EBITDA earnout. The deal The seller was a San Jose based small security guard service. It sold its assets in September 2016 to a Georgia based nationwide security company with about

Posted in bad faith, corporate overhead, de facto merger exception, earn outs, EBITDA Tagged with: ,

Indiana APA Choice of Law Provision Doesn’t Apply to Its Product Line Exception

Introduction Generally, a cash buyer of the assets of a business is not responsible for the defective products made by the seller, unless the buyer assumed those liabilities in the asset purchase agreement. However, California started imposing the seller’s product

Posted in choice of law provision, product line exception, successor liability Tagged with: , , , , , ,

No Buyer De Facto Merger Successor Liability for Seller Debt

Introduction One risk in buying the assets of a business is being sued by a seller creditor for a seller liability that the buyer did not assume in the asset purchase agreement. This risk is much higher when buying all

Posted in all cash deal, de facto merger exception, seller ownership in buyer, successor liability Tagged with: , ,

Cash Buyer of Paper Mill Assets Not Liable for Seller’s CERCLA Liability

Introduction A company is responsible under the federal CERCLA or superfund law, and often state law for cleaning up property it contaminates by hazardous waste disposal. However, the buyer of the assets of the responsible company is generally not liable

Posted in asset purchase agreement, asset seller's liabilities, CERCLA or superfund liability, de facto merger exception, successor liability Tagged with: , , , ,

No Sexual Harassment Successor Liability for Law Firm Asset Buyer

Introduction A buyer often prefers to purchase the assets of a company instead of its equity (such as stock of a corporation). One advantage of an asset purchase is that the buyer can avoid responsibility for the selling company’s liabilities;

Posted in actual knowledge, asset purchase agreement, constructive knowledge, due diligence, inequitable, retaliation, sexual harassment, successor liability Tagged with: , ,

Buyer of business assets held not responsible for seller’s alleged federal forced labor liability

This case arises out of Trucker’s previous employment as a truck driver for Trucking Company. In short Seller leased tractor trailers to Trucker who then subleased the tractor trailers and their driving services to Trucking Company. Trucker claimed that as

Posted in asset purchase agreement, Buyer beware, federal employer liability, notice, seller rep of no federal employer liability, successor liability

Court distinguishes the mere continuation successor liability tests of Michigan and New Jersey

Seller was headquartered in Parsippany, New Jersey and operated plants in New York, New Jersey, Florida and Texas. Seller provided commercial printing services. Buyer is a Des Moines-based multi-platform communications company. On September 29, 2017, Buyer entered into an asset

Posted in asset buyer's assumption of seller's liabilities by contract, asset purchase agreement, asset seller's liabilities, assumed liabilities, assumption of a contract, buyer's assumption of seller liabilities in asset acquisition, excluded liabilities, mere continuation, seller owners equity interest in buyer, successor liability

Buyer fights responsibility for a $1.5 million judgment against an asset seller of a business

Customer is a foreign business organized under the laws of Nigeria, with its principal place of business in Lagos, Nigeria. Seller is a Louisiana Liability Company that was in the business of shipbuilding in Louisiana, until January 4, 2014. Buyer

Posted in asset purchase agreement, Buyer beware, continuity of enterprise exception, mere continuation exception, successor liability

Buyer’s purchase price may triple post-closing because of underfunded union pension plan

Seller was a wire-forming company. A collective bargaining agreement with the union representing its workforce obligated Seller to contribute to a multiemployer pension plan on behalf of the employees. In September 2013, after Seller determined that it could not stay

Posted in asset purchase agreement, constructive knowledge, distressed business acquisitions, federal multiemployer pension plan withdrawal liability, multi-employer pension plan, successor liability, union liabilities

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